Shahadat of 9th Imam Muhammad At-Taqi (A.S.) – 29 Dhu Al Qa’dah
Title: At-Taqi, Al-Jawad
Designation: 9th Imam
Kunyat: Abu Ja’far
Father: 8th Imam Ali ar-Ridha (A.S.)
Mother: Khaizuran Khatoon
Born: 10th Rajab 195 AH (811 AD)
Died: 29th Dhul-Qida 220AH(835AD)
Martyred: Poisoned by Mu’tasin
Buried: Kadhmain, Baghdad, Iraq
The Ninth Infallible Imam and the Greatest Miracle of his age Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad (A.S.) who enriched and expanded the Islamic thought and Shari’a was born in the holy city of Madina-the city of his grandfather, the Messenger of Allah (S.A.W.), on 10th Rajab 195 A.H. He was the son of Imam Ali Reza (A.S.) and Hazrat Sabika also known as Khaizarun (S.A.).
In 203 A.H. the 8th Imam was martyred by Mamoon Rashid and from here the Imamate was transferred to the 9th Imam (AS).
Mamoon Rashid, who was the ruler at that time in Baghdad, thought that since Imam Ali Raza had been martyred he should call for his son from Madina. His aim from the beginning was to appoint the 8th Imam (AS) as his heir-apparent and try to tempt the holy Imam with his worldly power and wealth. Of course Mamoon had not realized that worldly wealth was laid down at the feet of the holy Imams. What an unwise act. But did he give up? No. He continued with his vicious plans.
Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS) was forced to leave the holy city of Madina and arrived in Baghdad. Day by day as Mamoon witnessed the excellent character and the Divine knowledge of this young Imam, he was forced to admit that there was no one superior to Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS).
Imam Muhammad Taqi (AS) was martyred in Baghdad in 220 A.H. Mo´tasim martyred the holy Imam with poison by the assistance of Ummul-Fazl. Imam Muhammad Taqi lived the shortest life of all Aimma when he was martyred at the age of 25. He was buried next to his grandfather Imam Musa-Ibne-Jafar (AS). That is why the shrines are named Kazmain and also Jawadain. Peace be upon our 9th Imam (AS).
On this tragic and sad occasion we extend our Heartfelt Condolences to all the lovers of Holy Ahlul Bayt(A.S.) and to our present Imam Al-Mahdi (May Allah Hasten His Appearence).
Imam Musa Kazim (PBUH) had told one of his companions that his daughter-in-law (Sabika) would be one of the most pious of women and to give her his salaams. She came from the same tribe as the Prophet’s wife – Mary Copt who bore the Prophet his son Ibrahim (who died in infancy).
Imam Muhammad taqi (PBUH) was born when his father was 45 years old. Till then Imam Reza (PBUH) had constantly been taunted that he had no children. When the 9th Imam was born, a brother of Imam Reza (PBUH) was angry because he would lose out in inheriting the Imam’s property and in his jealousy spread a rumor that Imam Reza (PBUH) was not the father. He was eventually proved wrong by a person who could tell parentage.
The 9th Imam was 5 years old when his father was called to Tous by Ma’muon Rashid to be his “crown prince”. When Imam Reza (PBUH) was leaving he saw his son putting sand in his hair. He asked why and the young Imam replied that this was what an orphan did.
His titles, life & works
He became an Imam at the age of 9. Ma’muon Rashid thought that as all the rulers before him had oppressed the Imams and their schemes had backfired that he would try to bribe the Imams. He tried to make the 8th Imam his crown prince and give him power and wealth but that also backfired.
He now tried to use power and wealth with the 9th Imam again but from a much younger age thinking that he would be able to influence him. His main purpose was also to make sure that the 12th Imam (whom he knew would bring justice to the world) would be from his progeny and therefore intended to marry his daughter Ummul Fazl to the Imam. Ma’muon still continued oppressing the family and followers of the Ahlul-bayt (PBUT).
Ma’muon called the young Imam (PBUH) to Baghdad from Medina and offered his daughter. This infuriated his family (Abbasids). To prove to them the excellence of Imam even at a young age he arranged a meeting between Imam and the most learned of men at that time –Yahya bin Athkam.
It was a grand occasion with some 900 other scholars present. Imam (PBUH) was first asked by Yahya:
What is the compensation (kaffara) for a person in Ehraam who hunted and killed his prey?”
Imam replied that there were many more details required before he could answer the question:
Did the Muhrim (one in Ehraam) hunt in the haram or outside?
Did the Muhrim know Sharia or not?
Did he hunt intentionally or not?
Did he hunt for the first time or was this one of many times?
WPBUH he free or a slave?
WPBUH his prey a bird or an animal?
WPBUH it big or small?
Had he hunted by day or by night?
WPBUH he baligh or not?
WPBUH he repentant or not?
WPBUH his ehraam for Hajj or Umra?
Yahya was stunned. He looked down and started sweating.
Ma’muon asked the young Imam to answer the question, which
he did, and then Imam asked Yayha a question which he could not answer.
The Abbasids admitted defeat and Ma’muon took the opportunity to offer
his daughter to Imam. Imam (PBUH) read his own Nikah (the khutba of
which is used today) with the Mehr of 500 dirhams. Imam wrote a letter
to Ma’muon that he would also give Ummul Fazl Mehr from the wealth of
The World to Come (Aakhira ). This was in the form of 10 duas which
were for fulfilling any hajaat (desires) Thus his title is Al-Jawad
(the generous one).
* These duas are found in Mafatihul Jinaan (pg 447 – In margin)
Imam lived for a year in Baghdad with Ummul Fazl. She was
very disobedient to Imam. When she found out that Imam had another wife
(from the progeny of Ammar-e-Yasir) and that there were also children,
she was jealous and angry realizing that her father’s plan had failed.
She complained to her father who also realized that his plan, to keep
the 12th Imam in his progeny, had failed. He was enraged and in his
rage he drank heavily and went to the 9th Imam’s house and attacked
Imam with a sword. Both Ummul Fazl and a servant saw the attack and
believed Imam was dead. Ma’muon on waking next morning realized the
consequences of his attack and was thinking of arranging the disposal
of Imam’s body when he saw Imam well without a scratch on him. He was
confused and asked Imam who showed him an amulet which is called Hirze
Jawad. Imam told him it was from his grand mother Bibi Fatima Zahra
(PBUH) and kept the wearer safe from all except the angel of death.
Ma’muon asked Imam for it and Imam gave him one.
Now Ma’muon was scared and tried a new tactic. He tried to
deviate Imam by sending him beautiful girls and musicians. When he
realized nothing was working he let Imam return toMedina.
Imam used this time to prepare the masails of Taqleed and
Ijtihaad in preparation for the 12th Imam knowing that both the 10th
and the 11th Imam would spend most of their lives in prison. He also
prepared the people of Medina teaching true Islam knowing that this
would be the last time they would be able to receive guidance directly
from an Imam for a long time.
Ummul Fazl continuously complained of Imam to her father who sent her letters back.
Ma’muon died in 218 a.h. and was succeeded by his brother
Mo’tasam Billah. He openly announced that all Shias were not Muslims.
He said it was required for people to kill and prosecute Shias and to
destroy property belonging to Shias.
Ummul Fazl now started complaining to her uncle who was
sympathetic to her. Mo’tasam called Imam to Baghdad. He asked Imam to
pass judgment of how to punish a thief. Imam said only fingers could be
cut as the palms were for Allah (PBUH in Qur’an – it is one of the
wajib parts to touch the ground during sajda). PBUH this decision was
contrary to the decision of the other Scholars and it strengthened the
position of the Shias. The other scholars complained to Mo’tasam.
Death & Burial
With instigation from both the scholars and Ummul Fazl, Mo’tasam sent poison which Ummul Fazl put in Imam’s drink and gave it to him. Imam died on 29th Dhulqa’ada at the age of 25 years and is
buried near his grandfather in Kadhimain. His son the 10th Imam, Imam
Hadi (PBUH) buried him.
Summary of Imam’s Work
It is he who prepared and wrote books for the masails of Ijtihaad and Taqleed which were essential to prepare believers for the ghaibat of the 12th Imam.
Please recite a Surah Fatiha for all Marhomeen.
Iltemas e dua,